Trigeminal neuralgia is the most common facial pain syndrome. It is characterized by a sudden attack of facial pain described as intense, sharp, like an electric-shock, or stabbing. The pain is most commonly felt in the cheekbone, most of the nose, upper lip and upper teeth and, in some people, it also extends to the lower lip, and chin. Pain is usually felt on one side of the face and lasts from a few seconds to two minutes. Trigeminal neuralgia is the most frequently occurring nerve pain disorder.
The trigeminal nerve is the 5th and largest of the cranial nerves. It provides nerve sensation to the face, mouth, and the front of the scalp as well as controlling the muscles involved in chewing.
The average age of onset is between 50 and 70 years old, though it can be seen in younger people as well. The incidence of trigeminal neuralgia gradually increases with age. Almost twice as many women are affected by trigeminal neuralgia as men.
The primary goals of treatment for patients with trigeminal neuralgia include:
Controlling the symptoms.
Relieving severe facial pain.
The surgical treatment options that are available for patients with intractable trigeminal neuralgia that cannot be adequately controlled with medications.
For more visit, TCC
TEETH Care Centre Dental Hospital, Ahmedabad