making smile incredible

Fluorides Role in Prevention of Cavities


Fluorides are best known as cavities fighter if taken in optimum amount in diet, it is naturally occurring mineral for so many good reasons. Tooth outermost surface is called enamel, which is the hardest substance made of calcium and phosphorous, when the intake of candy, crackers, sticky food is increased the enamel surface is attacked by bacteria which degrade the enamel and eventually dentin and develop cavities. To  prevent the cavities formation the fluoride in our diet and saliva (from toothpaste and water) fights back to the sugar and forms hard substance layer over teeth and further re-mineralizes the tooth structure, that is why fluorides are considered as superheroes for cavity prevention.

Fluorides intake for adults in toothpaste should be 1000ppm and for kids between ages 3-6 years is pea-sized toothpaste; community water also supplies the fluoride. An optimum level of fluorides is suggested otherwise it may cause dental fluorosis and skeletal fluorosis.

Benefits of fluoride

·         Re-mineralizes the tooth enamel.

·         Protection from early tooth decay.

·         Prevention of bacteria growth.

How dentist supply the fluoride and reduces further progression of cavities: -

 At Teeth Care Centre, the pedodontist applies the fluorides in three different forms to stop the decaying of teeth and safeguarding the tooth surface at much higher level of fluoride than the amount found in toothpastes and mouth rinses.

The varnishes are painted on the teeth surface; foams are put into a mouth guard, which is applied to the teeth for one to four minutes; gels can be painted on or applied via a mouth guard as preventive measures. The working professionals suggest to take initial treatments rather than delaying as the food habits are degrading the tooth exponentially. Along with preventive measures, proper oral hygiene maintenance is pivotal for caries prevention.





We all know, children in the age group of 1-14 years are prone to falls and many traumatic injuries while learning to walk, run ,co-ordination exercises and while playing sports .Traumatic dental injuries accounts up to 17% of total dental trauma among children globally.

Traumatic injuries in toddlers is unpredictable and most commonly happening in home, playground directly or indirectly impacting the tooth and jaws resulting in

·         Fracture of teeth

·         Crushing of bones

·         Soft tissues injuries like contusion , laceration and abrasion

·         Popping out of tooth from socket

·         Intrusion and extrusion of tooth

·         Injuries to upper and lower lips

In most cases, tooth and mouth injuries are not life threatening and immediate measures can reduce the complexities. Most common dental trauma occurs in upper jaw and front tooth, luxation of tooth being the most common injury in children.

Management of dental trauma in kids: The main goal of management is full recovery of involved tooth and surrounding tissues. When injury occurs, first aid should be immediately provided coupled with timely examination by oral health professionals. The permanent avulsed tooth can be re-implanted back to the tooth socket if preserved by the one in the following

·         Saliva of the child in the mouth itself under tongue

·         Hank’s balance salt solution marketed as SAVE-A-TOOTH

·         Coconut water

·         Cold raw milk

The tooth shouldn’t be thrown, scrapped and washed, but immediately brought to dentist for re-implantation. Note- primary tooth is not re-implanted but permanent tooth re-implantation can be done. The fractured tooth can be restored by Filling or Root Canal Treatment after doing the initial check up. The laceration and abraded soft tissues can be treated by ointments and topical applicants along with detailed examination by physician.

@Teeth Care Centre, we have pedodontist and highly equipped machinery and instruments for the traumatic treatments. We also have conscious sedation system for anxiety and apprehensive children for comfortable treatment, the timely visit and examination can reduce the consequences of trauma, preserving the form and function of tooth and tissues.