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What are Pit and Fissure Sealants ?

Pit and Fissure sealants are materials applied on caries susceptible areas of posterior teeth to prevent tooth decay. They are applied over the hollows(pits) and grooves(fissures) of the posterior teeth like molars and premolars, and hence the name. Sealants are generally used in pediatric patients upon eruption of molars and premolars to seal out the areas prone to dental decay. Upon their application, they form a micro-mechanically bonded protective layer over the tooth surface,to cut off caries producing bacteria from getting into tiny hollows and grooves and cause decay.

The application of pit and fissure sealants should be done at regular intervals as and when the teeth erupt.The first application should be done at 3 to 4 years of age when the deciduous teeth are present, followed by second application between 6 to 7 years when first permanent molars erupt.Subsequent application at 11 to 13 years of age on eruption of second molars and premolars.Sealants usually last for many years but it is advisable to visit your dentist at regular intervals to ensure that it has not been worn out over a period of time.

The process of sealant application is very simple and takes about few minutes for each tooth.The surface of the tooth is cleaned to get rid of all the food debris,followed by etching of tooth surface and application of boding agent.At last, the pit and fissure sealant is applied on the tooth surface and cured with curing light.This leaves behind a transparent shiny film of sealant over the tooth surface which forbids the entry of caries causing bacteria into the pits and fissures on the tooth. Proper cleansing and brushing routine along with pit and fissure application can drastically reduce the incidence of caries in your children.

Teeth Care Centre is one the leading providers of dental treatment in Ahmedabad.We have the best children dentist in Ahmedabad and are known to provide the best kids dental care in Ahmedabad.Prevention is always better than cure. So come and protect your child from the next caries attack before it starts
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